# Year 1 Maths

# Addition and Subtraction Stories

## Get Ready

You will need: paper and either a pencil or a marker.

## Go

As your child listens, tell a number story. Use the examples below or think of your own. Then break down story by asking your child questions and writing down the different parts using the plus, minus and equals signs so that the addition and subtraction word problems are clear:

- At the Olympics, you saw four Team GB track runners and five Kenyan runners leading the race. How many runners were running the race altogether?

How many Team GB runners were there? 4.

How many Kenyan runners were there? 5.

How many runners were leading the race? 4 + 5 = ___ - Uncle David brought five books with him on holiday, but he was very busy swimming and enjoying the beach. He only had time to read two books! How many books did he have to bring home unread?

How many books did Uncle David bring? 5.

How many books did he read while on holiday? 2.

How many books did he bring home unread? 5 - 2 = ___ - The Queen has three Corgis named Monty, Holly and Willow. She also has three Dorgis (a cross-breed of Dachshund and Corgi) named Cider, Candy and Vulcan. How many dogs does she have all together?

How many Corgis does the Queen have? 3.

How many Dorgis does she have? 3.

How many dogs does she have all together? 3 + 3 = ___ - At football practice, the coach had nine footballs. Seven children each took one. How many were left?

How many footballs were there? 9.

How many footballs were taken? 7.

How many were left? 9 - 7 = ___

## Go a Little Further

Have your child tell their own story using add or subtraction, like those in the examples. The story can be about something that really happened or something that he makes up.

This activity is adapted from page 225 of What Your Year 1 Child Needs to Know, which can be purchased here.

This activity has cross-curricular connections: click below to see related activities (repeated owls show multiple related activities in that subject).